Bibliography

Bibliography of secondary literature on Eberhard Arnold

This bibliography aims to be reasonably comprehensive for the sake of aiding further research on Eberhard Arnold. Inclusion is at the discretion of the editors and does not mean Plough or Bruderhof endorses the content.

Literature Written During Eberhard’s Lifetime

Althaus, Paul. “Die religiös-soziale Bewegung.” In Religiöser Sozialismus: Grundfragen der christlichen Sozialethik. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, 1921. https://archive.org/details/religisersoziali0000alth.

Title translation: The religious-social movement. In: Religious socialism: Basic questions in Christian social ethics.

Bender, Harold S. “The New Hutterite Bruderhof in Germany.” Christian Monitor (Mennonite Publishing House, PA) 1 (1931): 18. Digitized with alternative pagination at: https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/1931_bender_h_text.pdf?la=en.

Dugard, Donald R. “A Christian Community To-day.” Reconciliation: Looking Towards a Christian World 12:6 (1934): 160–161.

Foerster, Friedrich Wilhelm. Jugendseele, Jugendbewegung, Jugendziel. Zurich: Rotapfel, 1923. https://archive.org/details/jugendseelejugen00foer.

Title translation: Youth soul, youth movement, youth aim.

Note: Eberhard Arnold mentioned throughout, but see especially, “Die protestantische Jugendbewegung” (the Protestant youth movement), pp. 234–51.

Grützmacher, Richard H. Review of Urchristliches und Antichristliches im Werdegang Friedrich Nietzsches, by Eberhard Arnold. Theologisches Literaturblatt 31:18 (1910): 424–25.

Note: Review of 20126309_01_S.

Hausrath, August. Jugendbewegung und Schule. Karlsruhe: G. Braunsch, 1923.

Title translation: The Youth Movement and school.
Note: Two pages on the Neuwerk movement.

Hermann, Rudolf. Die Bergpredigt und die Religiös-Sozialen: Vorträge. Leipzig: A. Deichert, 1922.

Title translation: The Sermon on the Mount and the religious socialists: lectures.

Herzog. Review of Der Krieg, ein Aufruf zur Innerlichkeit, by Eberhard Arnold. Theologisches Literaturblatt 36:18 (1915): 427–28.

Note: Review of 0000000039_01_S.

Herzog. Review of Die Religiosität der heutigen Jugend, by Eberhard Arnold. Theologisches Literaturblatt 40:21 (1919): 346–47.

Note: Review of 0000000034_21_S.

Horsch, John. “Nonresistance under Difficulty.” Gospel Herald (Scottdale, PA) 28 (October 24, 1935): 650.

Klein, Thomas, ed. Die Lageberichte der Geheimen Staatspolizei über die Provinz Hessen-Nassau, 1933–1936. Vol. 1. A und B. Cologne: Böhlau, 1986.

Title translation: The situation reports of the Gestapo on the province of Hesse-Nassau, 1933–1936.
|Note: Contains primary sources of Gestapo intelligence on the Bruderhof movement.

Niebergall, Friedrich. Review of Innenland: ein Wegweiser in die Seele der Bibel, by Eberhard Arnold. Theologische Literaturzeitung 44:23 (1919): 279. https://ixtheo.de/Record/1521287449.

Note: Review of Eberhard Arnold’s post-war edition of Innerland. The book is currently pending digitisation.

Schuster, Hermann. Review of Die Religiosität der heutigen Jugend, by Eberhard Arnold. Theologische Literaturzeitung 45:25 (1920): 308. https://ixtheo.de/Record/1476142017.

Note: Review of 0000000034_21_S.

Schwartzkopff, Paul. Review of Urchristliches und Antichristliches im Werdegang Friedrich Nietzsches, by Eberhard Arnold. Theologische Literaturzeitung 36:22 (1911): 691–95. https://ixtheo.de/Record/1476195889.

Note: Review of 20126309_01_S.

Scholarly Literature

Adam, Dejan. “‘The Practical, Visible Witness of Discipleship’: The Life and Convictions of Hans Meier (1902–1992).” In Counter-Cultural Communities: Baptistic Life in Twentieth-Century Europe. Edited by Keith G. Jones and Ian M. Randall. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2008.

Barnett, Michael Cole. “The Bruderhof (Society of Brothers) and the Hutterites in Historical Context.” Ph.D. thesis, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, TX, 1995. Digitised with alternative pagination at: https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/barnett_thesis.pdf?la=en.

Barth, Emmy. An Embassy Besieged: The Story of a Christian Community in Nazi Germany. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2010. https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/embassy_besieged.pdf?la=en.

German translation: Botschaftsbelagerung: die Geschichte einer christlichen Gemeinschaft im Nationalsozialismus; eine kommentierte Dokumentation. Translated by Jutta Manke. Bad Klosterlausnitz, Germany: Holzlandgemeinschaft, 2018.

Baum, Markus. Against the Wind: Eberhard Arnold and the Bruderhof. Translated by Eileen Robertshaw. Walden, NY: Plough, 2015. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/against-the-wind.

Print edition: Farmington, PA: Plough, 1998. Pagination differs. https://archive.org/details/againstwindeberh00baum.

Original German: Stein des Anstosses: Eberhard Arnold 1883–1935. Moers, Germany: Brendow, 1996.

Title translation: Stumbling block: Eberhard Arnold 1883–1935.

German reprint: Eberhard Arnold: ein Leben im Geist des Bergpredigt. Schwarzenfeld, Germany: Neufeld, 2013.

Available for purchase here: https://www.plough.com/de/themen/glaube/nachfolge/eberhard-arnold-ein-leben.

Title translation: Eberhard Arnold: A life in the spirit of the Sermon on the Mount.

Baumann, Imanuel. Loyalitätsfragen: Glaubensgemeinschaften der täuferischen Tradition in den staatlichen Neugründungsphasen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Göttingen: V&R Unipress, 2021.

Title translation: Questions of loyalty: Faith communities in the Anabaptist tradition during the state reestablishment phases of the 20th Century.

Blum, Emil. Die Neuwerk-Bewegung: 1922–1933. Kassel, Germany: Johannes-Stauda, 1973.

Title translation: The Neuwerk movement: 1922–1933.

Durnbaugh, Donald. “Relocation of the German Bruderhof to England, South America, and North America.” Communal Societies 11 (1991): 62–77. https://communalstudies.org/product/communal-societies-vol-11-1991/.

Friedmann, Robert. “Fifty Years Society of Brothers (1920-1970): Their Story and Their Books.” Mennonite Life 25:4 (1970): 159-64. https://mla.bethelks.edu/mennonitelife/pre2000/1970oct.pdf.

Fuchs, Manfred. “Die Bruderhofgemeinde.” In Probleme des Wirtschaftsstils von Lebensgemeinschaften, erörtert am Beispiel der Wirtschaftsunternehmen der deutschen Jugendbewegung. 27–35. Göttingen: Schwartz, 1957.

Title translation: “The Bruderhof community.” In: Problems in the economic approaches of communes, examined through the example of the economic enterprises of the German Youth Movement.

Gerlach, Horst. “Zu Hans Meier: ‘Erinnerungen eines Bruderhöfers.’” Christ und Sozialist 1984, no. 3, 14–19.

Article title translation: Regarding Hans Meier: “Memoirs of a Bruderhof member.”

Gibbard, Noel. On the Wings of the Dove: The International Effects of the 1904­­–05 Revival. Bridgend, Wales: Bryntirion, 2002.

Note: On the effects of the Welsh revival, with brief references to Eberhard Arnold. See pp. 43–45; 193–95.

Gollwitzer, Helmut. “Einiges zu Eberhard Arnold und den Bruderhöfen.” Neue Wege: Beiträge zu Religion und Sozialismus 82:7–8 (1988): 232–37. https://www.e-periodica.ch/digbib/view?pid=new-001%3A1988%3A82%3A%3A235#235.

Article title translation: A little on Eberhard Arnold and the Bruderhofs.

Reprint: In Basileia: Festschrift für Eduard Buess. Edited by Hans Dürr and Christoph Ramstein. 117–26. Basel, Switzerland: Edition Mitenand, 1993.

Hardy, Dennis. “Sacred Places.” In Utopian England: Community Experiments, 1900–1945. 163–202. London: E & FN Spon, 2000. https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/hardy-utopian-england_001.pdf?la=en.

Heinz-Mohr, Gerd. Christsein in Kommunitäten. Stuttgart: Steinkopf, 1968.

Title translation: Being Christian in communities.
Note: Some references to Eberhard Arnold throughout.

Henkys, Jürgen. Bibelarbeit: Der Umgang mit der Heiligen Schrift in den evangelischen Jugendverbänden nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg. Hamburg: Furche, 1966.

Title translation: Bible study: The handling of Holy Scripture in Protestant youth associations after the First World War.

Hindley, Marjorie. “‘Unerwünscht’: One of the Lesser Known Confrontations with the National Socialist State, 1933–37.” German History 11:2 (1993): 207-221. Digitized with alternative pagination at: https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/hindley_m_unerwunscht.pdf?la=en.

Hofheinz, Marco. “‘Franziskus in Kniebundhosen’. Der christliche Pazifismus Eberhard Arnolds als Tatzeugnis gemeinsamen Lebens (1883–1935).” In Christlich-theologischer Pazifismus im 20. Jahrhundert. Edited by Marco Hofheinz and Frederike van Oorschot. 69–94. Baden-Baden, Germany: Aschendorff, 2016.

Chapter title translation: “Francis in knee breeches”: The Christian pacifism of Eberhard Arnold as material witness to the common life.
Note: English translation forthcoming, likely 2022.

Hofheinz, Marco. “‘Selig sind die Friedfertigen’: Die Bergpredigt und der radikale Pazifismus der Täufer und Neutäufer in Geschichte und Gegenwart.” Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte 31:1 (2018): 245–71.

Article title translation: “Blessed are the peacemakers”: The Sermon on the Mount and the radical pacifism of the Anabaptists and neo-Anabaptists in history and the present.

Howlett, David J. “The Bruderhof’s ‘System of Objects’: A Case Study in Material Culture and Christian Praxis, 1920–2001.” Communal Societies 26:2 (2006): 19–41.

Jany, Berit. “Coming Home: The Bruderhof Returns to Germany.” Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies 1:2 (2019): 31–47. https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/amishstudies/vol1/iss2/4/.

Janzen, Rod. “The Hutterites and the Bruderhof: The Relationship Between an Old Older [sic] Religious Society and a Twentieth-Century Communal Group.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 79:4 (2005): 505–44. https://fpuscholarworks.fresno.edu/handle/11418/580.

Kim, Hyun Jin. “Protestant Communities as Mission Communities: A Systematic and Historical Study.” Ph.D. thesis. North-West University, South Africa, 2011.

Kindt, Werner: Die deutsche Jugendbewegung 1920 bis 1933: Die bündische Zeit. Düsseldorf: Diederich, 1974.

Title translation: The German Youth Movement, 1920–1933: The time of the Bündische [Youth].

Kreß, Barbara. “Der Bruderhof in Deutschland: Von 1920 bis 1937.” [Dissertation? Institution?] 1987.

Title translation: The Bruderhof in Germany: 1920–1937.

Kühnert, Alfred. “Die Neuwerk-Bewegung: Neues Werk mit Pflug und Gebet.” In Erlittene Geschichte: Bergwinkel-Studien. 226–36. Schlüchtern: Steinfeld, 1980.

Title translation: The Neuwerk movement: New work with plow and prayer. In: History incurred: Bergwinkel studies.

Kupisch, Karl. “Eberhard Arnold: Aus der Personalakte eines Schwärmers.” Die Zeichen der Zeit 19:11 (1965): 421–425.

Article title translation: Eberhard Arnold: From the personnel records of an enthusiast.

Kupisch, Karl. Studenten entdecken die Bibel: Die Geschichte der Deutschen Christlichen Studenten-Vereinigung (DCSV). Hamburg: Furche, 1964.

Title translation: Students discover the Bible: The history of the German Student Christian Movement.
Note: Information on Eberhard’s role in the Student Christian Movement.

Lemhöfer, Lutz. “Eberhard Arnold und die alternativ-christliche Gemeinschaft der Bruderhöfe.” Zeitschrift für Religions- und Weltanschauungsfragen 66:9 (2003): 341–47. https://ezw-berlin.de/html/15_356.php.

Article title translation: Eberhard Arnold and the alternative Christian fellowship of the Bruderhofs.

Lichti, James Irvin. “Serving Two Masters: The Nazi-Denominational Convergence on Church-State Relations.” In Houses on the Sand? Pacifist Denominations in Nazi Germany. 31–72. New York: Peter Lang, 2008.

Perhaps adapted from: “The Response to National Socialism by Denominations with Teachings against Bearing Arms.” Ph.D thesis, University of California, 2000.

Mommsen, Peter. Homage to a Broken Man: The Life of J. Heinrich Arnold. Rifton, NY: Plough, 2014. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/homage-to-a-broken-man.

German translation: Radikal barmherzig: Das Leben von Johann Heinrich Arnold; eine Geschichte von Glauben und Vergebung, Hingabe und Gemeinschaft. Translated by Christopher Groß. Schwarzenfeld, Germany: Neufeld, 2017.

Moore, Charles E. “Radical, Communal, Bearing Witness: The Church as God’s Mission in Bruderhof Perspective and Practice.” Missio Dei: A Journal of Missional Theology and Praxis 9:2 (2018). http://missiodeijournal.com/issues/md-9-2/authors/md-9-2-moore.

Nauerth, Thomas. “‘Alles Gute für Hitler’: Der Rhönbruderhof und das Problem der Obrigkeit nach 1933.” Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte 30:1 (2017): 62–74.

Article title translation: “Best wishes for Hitler”: The Rhön Bruderhof and the problem of political authority after 1933.

Nauerth, Thomas. “Bergpredigt und Widerstand: Die Bruderhofgemeinschaft 1933–1937.” Paper presented at “Bergpredigt leben” conference, Fulda, Germany, November 2015. PDF: https://www.academia.edu/27646454/Bergpredigt_und_Widerstand_Die_Bruderhofgemeinschaft_1933_1937.

Paper title translation: The Sermon on the Mount and resistance: The Bruderhof community 1933–1937.
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iAXn-GY9Gi4&ab_channel=Bruderhof.

Nauerth, Thomas. “Das große Erwachen: der erste Weltkrieg als pazifistische Lebenswende.” In Frieden im Niemandsland: Die Minderheit der christlichen Botschafter im Ersten Weltkrieg. Edited by Peter Bürger. 211–26. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on Demand, 2021.

Chapter title translation: The great awakening: The First World War as a pacifist turning point.

Nauerth, Thomas. “Michael Horsch and the Rhön Bruderhof, 1936–1937: From Friend to Hostile Witness to Historical Eyewitness.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 91:2 (2017): 213–46.

Nauerth, Thomas. Zeugnis, Liebe und Widerstand: der Rhönbruderhof 1933–1937. Paderborn, Germany: Schöningh, 2018.

Title translation: Witness, love, and resistance: The Rhön Bruderfhof, 1933–1937.
Note: An English translation is forthcoming, perhaps late 2022.

Neima, Anna. “Seeking the Kingdom of God in Rural Germany: Eberhard and Emmy Arnold’s Bruderhof.” In The Utopians: Six Attempts to Build the Perfect Society. 163–99. London: Picador, 2021.

Oved, Yaacov. “Beginnings.” In Distant Brothers: History of the Relations Between the Bruderhof and the Kibbutz. Translated by Hanna Lash and Yehuda Riemer. Ramat Ef’al, Israel: Yad Tabenkin, 1993. https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/oved-distant-brothers_001.pdf?la=en.

Oved, Yaacov. The Witness of the Brothers. A History of the Bruderhof. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1996.

Reprints: 2013; London: Routledge, 2017.

Pfeiffer, Arnold. “Eberhard Arnold und der Weg des Bruderhof-Lebens” (Einführung). In Religiöse Sozialisten. Edited by Arnold Pfeiffer. 201–12. Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany: Walter, 1976.

Title translation: Eberhard Arnold and the Bruderhof way of life (introduction).

Pruisken, Andreas. “Spirit versus Structure.” [dissertation or paper of unknown level], Yale Divinity School, 1984.

Note: The piece is divided into five parts and pagination starts again from the beginning each time on parts three, four, and five. The chapter of interest is part four, titled, “Bonhoeffer’s Bruderhaus and Anrold’s Bruderhof—an Historical Realization of the Struggle of Spirit and Structure.”

Randall, Ian M. A Christian Peace Experiment: The Bruderhof Community in Britain, 1933–1942. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2018.

Randall, Ian M. “An Anabaptist Witness: The Bruderhof Community.” Anabaptism Today 3:1 (2021): 22–35. https://anabaptismtoday.co.uk/index.php/home/article/view/151.

Randall, Ian M. “Church Community is a Gift of the Holy Spirit”: The Spirituality of the Bruderhof Community. Oxford, UK: Regent’s Park College, 2014. https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-life-and-beliefs/randall--church-community-is-a-gift-of-the-holy-spirit.pdf?la=en.

Schibilsky, Michael. “Bürgerliche Jugendbewegung: Innovation oder Regression.” Recht der Jugend und des Bildungswesens 23:1 (1975): 11–21.

Title translation: “Bourgeois youth movement: innovation or regression.”

Selke, Britta. “Eberhard Arnold und seine Bruderhöfe.” Dissertation, University of Göttingen, 1986.

Title translation: Eberhard Arnold and his Bruderhofs.

Spielhagen, Frances R. and Bruce S. Cooper. “Christian Community in Action: Bruderhof Schools.” Journal of Research on Christian Education 16:1 (2007): 65–81.

Spielhagen, Frances R. and Bruce S. Cooper. “Forming Social Capital: The Bruderhof Schools.” The Journal of Education 183:2 (2002): 49–62.

Stieglitz, Thomas von. Kirche als Bruderschaft: das hutterische Kirchenbild bei Eberhard Arnold aus heutiger katholischer Sicht. Published Ph.D. thesis, Paderborn University, Germany, 1991.

Title translation: Church as brotherhood: The Hutterite view of the church according to Eberhard Arnold, a contemporary catholic perspective.

Tyldesley, Mike. “Gustav Landauer and the Bruderhof Communities.” Communal Societies 16 (1996): 23-41. https://communalstudies.org/product/communal-societies-vol-16-1996/.

Tyldesley, Mike. “Martin Buber and the Bruderhof Communities.” Journal of Jewish Studies 45:2 (1994): 258–272.

Tyldesley, Mike. No Heavenly Delusion? A Comparative Study of Three Communal Movements. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2003.

Vollmer, Antje. “Der Aufbruch: Die Neuwerkbewegung und ihr Charismatiker Eberhard Arnold.“ In Die Neuwerkbewegung: zwischen Jugendbewegung und religiösem Sozialismus. Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 2016.

Title translation: The Awakening: The Neuwerk movement and its charismatic [representative], Eberhard Arnold. In: The Neuwerk movement: Between the Youth Movement and religious socialism.

Original (pagination differs) in: Die Neuwerkbewegung 1919–1935: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Jugendbewegung, des Religiösen Sozialismus und der Arbeiterbildung. Published Ph.D. thesis, Free University of Berlin, 1973.

Title translation: The Neuwerk movement: A contribution to the history of the Youth Movement, religious socialism, and worker education.

Wehowsky, Stephan. Religiöse Interpretation politischer Erfahrung: Eberhard Arnold und die Neuwerkbewegung als Exponenten des religiösen Sozialismus zur Zeit der Weimarer Republik. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1980. https://archive.org/details/religiseinterpre0000weho.

Title translation: Religious interpretation of political experience: Eberhard Arnold and the Neuwerk movement as exponents of religious socialism in the Weimar period.

Originally: Ph.D. thesis, Marburg University, Germany, 1979.

Whitworth, John McKelvie. “A Contemporary Utopian Sect—The Society of Brothers (or Bruderhof).” In God’s Blueprints: A Sociological Study of Three Utopian Sects. 167–209. London: Routledge, 1975. https://archive.org/details/godsblueprintsso0000whit.

Reprint: Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2019.

Wright, Melanie J. “The Nature and Significance of Relations between the Historic Peace Churches and Jews during and after the Shoah.” In Christian-Jewish Relations through the Centuries. Edited by Stanley E. Porter and Brook W. R. Pearson. 400–425. London: Continuum, 2000.

Zablocki, Benjamin. The Joyful Community: An Account of the Bruderhof—A Communal Movement Now in Its Third Generation. Baltimore, MD: Penguin, 1971.

Reprint: Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Perhaps adapted from: “Christians Because It Works: A Study of Bruderhof Communitarianism.” Ph.D. thesis, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 1967.

Memoirs

Arnold, E. C. H (Hardy). “The Fate of a Christian Experiment.” The Spectator (London), 11 June 1937, 11–12.

Arnold, Eberhard and Emmy Arnold. Seeking for the Kingdom of God: Origins of the Bruderhof Communities; Selected and Edited from Earlier Sources and Memories by Heini and Annemarie Arnold. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1974. https://archive.org/details/seekingforkingdo0000arno.

Arnold, Emmy. “50 Jahre Bruderhofgemeinschaft Sannerz: Die Anfangsjahre der Bruderhofgemeinschaften in Deutschland.” Fuldaer Zeitung, May 1970.

Title translation: 50 years of the Bruderhof community at Sannerz: The starting years of the Bruderhof communities in Germany.

Arnold, Emmy. “Eberhard Arnold’s Life and Work.” In Eberhard Arnold, A Testimony to Church Community: The Life and Writings of Eberhard Arnold. 1–15. Walden, NY: Plough, 2016. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/justice/nonviolence/a-testimony-to-church-community.

Original in: Eberhard Arnold: A Testimony of Church Community from His Life and Writings. Edited by Plough. 1–28. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1973. https://archive.org/details/eberhardarnoldte00wood.

Arnold, Emmy. A Joyful Pilgrimage: My Life in Community. Walden, NY: Plough, 2015. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/a-joyful-pilgrimage.

Originally: Torches Together: The Beginning and Early Years of the Bruderhof Communities. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1964. https://archive.org/details/torchestogethert00arno.

Second edition: 1971. https://archive.org/details/torchestogetherb00arno.

Third edition: A Joyful Pilgrimage: My Life in Community. Farmington, PA: Plough, 1999. https://archive.org/details/joyfulpilgrimage00arno_0.

German edition: Gegen den Strom: das Werden der Brüderhöfe. Moers, Germany: Brendow, 1983.

Title translation: Against the current: The development of the Bruderhofs.

Reprint: 1992.

German electronic version: Gegen den Strom: ein Leben in der Herausforderung der Bergpredigt. Rifton, NY: Plough, 2012. https://www.plough.com/de/themen/glaube/nachfolge/gegen-den-strom.

Title translation: Against the current: A life under the challenge of the Sermon on the Mount.

Berber, Friedrich. Zwischen Macht und Gewissen: Lebenserinnerungen. Munich: Beck, 1986.

Title translation: Between power and conscience: Memoirs.

Note: Contains a small amount of information on Eberhard, as Friedrich Berber remembers him.

Blum, Emil. Als wäre es gestern gewesen. Zurich: Flamberg, 1973.

Title translation: As though it were yesterday.

Note: A member of the Neuwerk movement, Blum’s autobiography refers to Eberhard Arnold in places.

Brandenburg, Hans, ed. Ich hatte Durst nach Gott: Aus dem Leben und Dienen von Christa von Viebahn. Aidlingen: Diakonissenmutterhaus Aidlingen[, 1979?]. Third printing: https://info1.sermon-online.com/german/HansBrandenburg/Ich_Hatte_Durst_Nach_Gott.pdf.

Title translation: I was thirsty for God: From the life and service of Christa von Viebahn.

Note: See pp. 21–33.

Hönig, Ludwig and Margrit Hönig, ed. Otto Bruder: Aus seinem Leben und Wirken. Stuttgart: Evangelisches Verlagswerk 1975.

Title translation: Otto Bruder: From his life and works.

Note: The book concerns Otto Salomon, a member of the Neuwerk movement.

Dehn, Günther. Die alte Zeit, die vorigen Jahre: Lebenserinnerungen. Munich: Kaiser, 1962.

Title translation: The old times, the bygone years: Memoirs.

Reprint: 1964.

Note: See the chapter, “Neuwerk,” 230–246.

Harder, Johannes. Aufbruch ohne Ende: Geschichte meines Lebens. Edited by Hermann Horn. Wuppertal, Germany: Brockhaus, 1992.

Title translation: Awakening with end: The story of my life.

Note: Contains a small amount of information on Eberhard, as Johannes Harder remembers him.

Heim, Karl. Ich gedenke der vorigen Zeiten: Erinnerungen aus acht Jahrzehnten. Hamburg: Furche, 1957.

Title translation: I remember the former times: Memoirs from eight decades.

Note: Contains a small amount of information on Eberhard, as Karl Heim remembers him.

Mason, Arnold and Gladys Mason. How We Came to the Bruderhof: And Our Memories of Eberhard Arnold. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1977.

Meier, Hans. Hans Meier Tells His Story to a Friend. Ulster Park, NY: Plough, 1988. Digitised with alternate pagination at: https://www.bruderhof.com/~/media/files/bruderhof/resources/people-and-interests/hans-meier-letter.pdf.

Meier, Hans. Solange das Licht brennt: Lebensbericht eines Mitglieds der neuhutterischen Bruderhof-Gemeinschaft. Norfolk, CT: Hutterian Brethren, Deer Spring; Birnbach, Germany: Bruderhof-Gemeinschaft Michaelshof, 1990.

Title translation: So long as the light burns: The story of a member of the New Hutterite Bruderhof community.

Second edition: 1995.

Unpublished English translation: “As Long as there is Light,” 1995.

Mow, Merrill. Torches Rekindled: The Bruderhof’s Struggle for Renewal. 2nd ed. Ulster Park, NY: Plough, 1989.

Schoeps, Hans Joachim. Die letzten dreißig Jahre: Rückblicke. Stuttgart: Klett, 1956.

Title translation: The last thirty years: Retrospects.

Revised edition: Rückblicke:Die letzten 30 Jahre (1925–1955) und danach. Berlin: Haude und Spener, 1963.

Title translation: Retrospects: The last 30 years (1925–1955) and thereafter.

Note: Contains a small amount of information on Eberhard, as Hans Schoeps remembers him.

Siegmund-Schultze, Friedrich. “Erinnerungen an Eberhard Arnold.” Der Pflug: Zeitschrift der Bruderhöfe (new series) 1:3 (1953): 37.

Article title translation: Memories of Eberhard Arnold.

Wächter, Annemarie. Anni: Letters and Writings of Annemarie Wächter. Edited by Marianne Wright. Rifton, NY: Plough, 2011. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/anni.

Note: Some letters to Eberhard and reference to him throughout.

Zumpe, Hans, Emmy Arnold, and Georg Barth. Eberhard Arnold: sein Leben für die Bruderhöfe; seine Sendung für das kommende Reich Gottes und die Anrichtung völliger Gemeinschaft unter den Menschen. Silum, Liechtenstein: Buchverlag des Almbruderhof, 1936.

Title translation: Eberhard Arnold: His life for the Bruderhof communities; his commission for the coming kingdom of God, and the establishment of complete community among human beings.

Encyclopedia Articles

Arnold, E. C. H. (Hardy). “Alm Bruderhof (Liechtenstein).” Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Alm_Bruderhof_(Liechtenstein).

Adapted from the original: “Almbruderhof.” In The Mennonite Encyclopedia: A Comprehensive Reference Work on the Anabaptist-Mennonite Movement. Volume 1. A–C. 64. Edited by Harold S. Bender and C. Henry Smith. Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, 1955. https://archive.org/details/mennoniteencyclo0001unse.

Arnold, E. C. H (Hardy). “Arnold, Eberhard (1883–1935).” Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Arnold,_Eberhard_(1883-1935).

Originally: “Eberhard Arnold, 1883–1939: A Short Biography.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 25:3 (1951): 219–21.

Slightly revised reprint: “Arnold, Eberhard.” The Mennonite Encyclopedia: A Comprehensive Reference Work on the Anabaptist-Mennonite Movement. Volume 1. A–C. 162–64. Edited by Harold S. Bender and C. Henry Smith. Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, 1955. https://archive.org/details/mennoniteencyclo0001unse.

Arnold, E. C. H (Hardy). “Rhön Bruderhof (Hessen, Germany).” Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Rh%C3%B6n_Bruderhof_(Hessen,_Germany).

Adapted from the original: “Rhönbruderhof.” In The Mennonite Encyclopedia: A Comprehensive Reference Work on the Anabaptist-Mennonite Movement. Volume 4. O–Z, Supplement. 322–23. Edited by Harold S. Bender and C. Henry Smith. Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, 1959.

Arnold, Heini. “Arnold, Eberhard, 1883­–1935.” In The Brethren Encyclopedia. Volume 1. A–J. 56. Edited by Donald Durnbaugh. Philadelphia, PA: Brethren Encyclopedia, 1983. https://archive.org/details/brethrenencyclop0001unse.

Baum, Markus. “Eberhard Arnold.” In Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. Vol. 19. Nordhausen, Germany: Bautz, 2001.

“Der Bruderhof.” Widerstand!? Evangelische Christinnen und Christen im Nationalsozialismus. https://de.evangelischer-widerstand.de/#/menschen/Bruderhof.

Website title translation: Resistance!? Protestant Christians under the Nazi regime.

Note: Much of the website is also available in English. At the time of publishing this bibliography, the area on the Bruderhof was still only available in German.

Dunkel, Daniela. “Arnold, Eberhard.” Religion Past and Present: Encyclopedia of Theology and Religion. Edited by Hans Dieter Betz, Don S. Browning, Bernd Janowski, and Eberhard Jüngel. Vol. 1. A–Bhu. 395. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2007.

Hilbe, Herbert. “Almbruderhof.” Last updated 31 December 2011. In Historisches Lexikon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein (online). https://historisches-lexikon.li/Almbruderhof.

Print: “Almbruderhof.” In Historisches Lexikon des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. Edited by Arthur Brunhart. Vol. 1. A bis L. 13. Zurich: Chronos, 2013.

Hillerbrand, Hans J. “Arnold, Eberhard (1883–1935).” The Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Edited by Hans J. Hillerbrand. Vol. 1. A–C. 170–71. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Kautz, Heinrich. “Arnold, Eberhard.” In Neue Deutsche Biographie. Volume 1. Aachen–Behaim. 384–85. Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, 1953. https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/gnd118504231.html.

Lichti, James Irvin. “Rhönbruderhof.” Last updated 23 May 2020. Mennonitisches Lexikon (MennLex). http://mennlex.de/doku.php?id=top:rhoenbruderhof.

Maendel, Emmy. “Bruderhof Communities.” Last updated August 2017. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Bruderhof_Communities.

Note: The much shorter, original print version has been digitized and included at the same address.

Melton, J. Gordon. “Arnold, Eberhard.” In Biographical Dictionary of American Cult and Sect Leaders. 12–14. New York: Garland, 1986. https://archive.org/details/biographicaldict00jgor.

Pfeiffer, Arnold. “Religiöse Sozialisten.” In Handbuch der deutschen Reformbewegungen 1880–1933. Edited by Diethart Kerbs and Jürgen Reulecke. 523–36. Wuppertal: Hammer 1998.

Popular-Level Literature, Forewords, and Introductions

Arnold, Eberhard. Brothers Unite: An Account of the Uniting of Eberhard Arnold and the Rhön Bruderhof with the Hutterian Church. Ulster Park, NY: Plough, 1988.

Note: A collection of primary texts, with brief editorial commentary introducing each chapter.

Ellsberg, Robert. “Eberhard Arnold, Founder of the Bruderhof (1883-1935).” In All Saints: Daily Reflections on Saints, Prophets, and Witnesses for Our Time. 508­–510. New York: Crossroad, 1997. https://archive.org/details/allsaintsdailyre00ells.

Hauerwas, Stanley. “Introduction.” In Eberhard Arnold, God’s Revolution: Justice, Community, and the Coming Kingdom. vii–xiii. Walden, NY: Plough, 2021. Available for purchase here: https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/gods-revolution.

Kieber, Georg. Silum: Für die Alpgenossenschaft Silum zur Einsegnung des St. Wendelin Bildstöckles am 22. September 1991. Vaduz, Liechtenstein: Alpgenossenschaft Silum, 1991.

Title translation: Silum: For the Alpgenossenschaft Silum [alpine cooperative in Silum], on the occasion of the blessing of the St. Wendelin wayside shrine on September 22, 1991.

Note: Includes a page on the Alm Bruderhof.

Moltmann, Jürgen. “Foreword.” In Eberhard Arnold, Salt and Light: Living the Sermon on the Mount. ix–xii. Walden, NY: Plough, 2014. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/bible-studies/salt-and-light.

Print: 1998. https://archive.org/details/saltlightlivings0000arno.

Original German: “Vorwort.” In Eberhard Arnold, Salz und Licht: über die Bergpredigt. 7–9. Moers, Germany: Brendow, 1982. https://archive.org/details/salzundlichtberd0000arno.

Moody, Doug. “Foreword.” In Eberhard Arnold, Inner Land: A Guide into the Heart and Soul of the Bible. ix–xiv. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1976.

Moore, Charles E. “‘Our Garden Must Be God’s Garden’: The Bruderhof Sought a Life in Harmony with God and Nature.” Christian History 119 (2016): 34–36. https://christianhistoryinstitute.org/magazine/issue/creation-care.

Pennington, Basil. “Foreword.” In Eberhard Arnold and Thomas Merton, Why We Live in Community. ix–xv. Walden, NY: Plough, 2017. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/community/communal-living/why-we-live-in-community.

Earlier edition: Farmington, PA: Plough, 1995. https://archive.org/details/whyweliveincommu0000arno.

Plough. “Introduction.” In Eberhard Arnold, Poems and Rhymed Prayers. 3–4. Rifton, NY: Plough, 2011. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/culture/poetry/poems-and-rhymed-prayers.

Plough. “Introduction.” In Eberhard Arnold, Salt and Light: Living the Sermon on the Mount. xiii–xix. Walden, NY: Plough, 2014. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/bible-studies/salt-and-light.

Print: 1998. https://archive.org/details/saltlightlivings0000arno.

Different introductions have appeared in different editions:

Domer, Richard E. “Introduction.” In Eberhard Arnold, Salt and Light: Talks and Writings on the Sermon on the Mount. vii–xix. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1967. https://archive.org/details/saltlighttalkswr0000arno.

Arnold, Heini. “Introduction.” In Eberhard Arnold, Salt and Light: Talks and Writings on the Sermon on the Mount. xi–xviii. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1986. https://archive.org/details/saltlighttalkswr0000arno_l2l5.

Arnold, Heini. “Einführung.” In Eberhard Arnold, Salz und Licht: über die Bergpredigt. 11–15. Moers, Germany: Brendow, 1982. https://archive.org/details/salzundlichtberd0000arno.

Title translation: Introduction.

Plough. “Preface.” In Eberhard Arnold, Inner Land. Volume 1. The Inner Life. xi–xiii. Walden, NY: Plough, 2019. https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/inner-life.

Note: The same preface is included in all five volumes.

Satlow, Bernt. “Zeugnis und Zeichen für die kommende Herrschaft Gottes: nachträglich zu Eberhard Arnolds 100. Geburtstag.” Standpunkt 11:11 (1983): 291–292.

Title translation: Witness and sign for the coming reign of God: Belated wishes for Eberhard Arnold’s 100th birthday.

Susman, Margarete. “Eberhard Arnold.” Translated by Kathleen Hasenberg. Bruderhof website. https://www.bruderhof.com/-/media/files/bruderhof/new-resources-2019/bruderhof-history/susman_m_1957.pdf?la=en.

Original German in: Neue Wege: Blätter für den Kampf der Zeit 51:8 (1957): 230–35. https://www.e-periodica.ch/cntmng?pid=new-001%3A1957%3A51%3A%3A471.

Warren, Coretta. “Fight or Flight.” Voices: A Blog from the Bruderhof. 4 December 2015. https://www.bruderhof.com/en/voices-blog/justice/fight-or-flight.

Wiser, Arthur. “Introduction.” In Love and Marriage in the Spirit: Talks and Writings by Eberhard Arnold. ix–xviii. Edited by the Society of Brothers. Rifton, NY: Plough, 1965. https://archive.org/details/lovemarriageinsp0000arno.

Yoder, John Howard. “Eberhard Arnold and His Times.” In Eberhard Arnold, God’s Revolution: Justice, Community, and the Coming Kingdom. xv–xxxii. Walden, NY: Plough, 2021. Available for purchase here: https://www.plough.com/en/topics/faith/discipleship/gods-revolution.

Original: “Introduction.” In God’s Revolution: The Witness of Eberhard Arnold. Edited by the Hutterian Society of Brothers and John Howard Yoder. 5–22. Ramsey, NJ: Paulist, 1984. https://archive.org/details/godsrevolutionwi00arno.

Zimmerman, Chris. “In Remembrance: Eberhard Arnold.” Voices: A Blog from the Bruderhof. 21 November 2015. https://www.bruderhof.com/en/voices-blog/life-in-community/in-remembrance-eberhard-arnold.